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BBC: 智力游戲效果甚微 哪些日?;顒幽苠憻捘X力

kira86 于2019-12-05發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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互聯網上有各種宣稱能幫助促進大腦功能的游戲。但一項新的報告表明,智力開發類游戲的效果實際不如我們預期。本集《隨身英語》探討哪些日?;顒幽軒椭藗冨憻捘X力
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Do brain training games actually work?

智力開發類游戲“效果甚微”

If you don't use it, you lose it. At least, that's how the old aphorism goes. It refers to the idea that something which does not get utilised regularly quickly falls into a state of decline. For example, a hobby that you haven't done for a few years, like playing the trumpet. You might find yourself a bit rusty the next time you pick one up - or maybe you've forgotten altogether! Muscles are another example. They will waste away without use. In order to counteract this, people take regular exercise to keep their skills sharp.

用進廢退,至少古諺語是這么說的。這句話的意思是一些沒有被經常利用的東西很快就會進入衰退狀態。例如,一個你幾年沒做的愛好,比如吹小號。下次再想重新開始的時候,你可能會發現自己有點生疏了——或者你可能已經完全忘記了!肌肉是另一個例子,不使用就會消退。為了防止這樣的情況發生,人們經常鍛煉保持肌肉性能。

Well, what about the brain? As we age, our brains can naturally begin to decline. In some cases this can lead to certain mental conditions such as dementia, which I'm sure you will agree, no one wants. However, all is not lost because these days it's relatively easy to train your brain. Smartphones and apps have put programmes into our hands that can test, maintain and even augment our memories, mathematical skills, logic skills and a raft of other mental abilities. With a little practice every day, we can keep our brains nice and sharp, right?

那么,大腦呢?隨著年齡的增長,我們的大腦自然會開始衰退。在某些情況下,這可能會導致某些精神疾病,如癡呆。我相信你會同意這個觀點,沒有人想變癡呆。然而,并不是所有的功能都衰退了,因為現在做腦部訓練相對比較簡單。我們通過智能手機和應用程序將程序玩弄于股掌之間,這些程序可以測試、維護甚至增強我們的記憶力、數學技能、邏輯技能和一系列其他心智能力。每天練習一點,就可以保持我們的大腦良好和敏銳,對嗎?

Well, no, actually. According to a report from the Global Council on Brain Health, even though many people thought it was important to play online games, such as puzzles and mind games, which are designed to improve brain health, the evidence of the benefits was "weak to non-existent". Playing a 'brain game' may lead to improvements in game performance, but this has yet to show a convincing result in people's daily cognitive abilities. In other words, doing hundreds of sudoku puzzles might make you a sudoku wizard, but it doesn't necessarily improve your ability to do your accounting.

嗯,實際上不是的。根據全球大腦健康委員會的一份報告,盡管許多人認為玩在線游戲很重要,比如益智游戲。這些游戲的目的是改善大腦健康,但能證明其益處的證據“微弱到不存在”。玩“腦力游戲”可能會提高游戲表現,但這還沒有在人們的日常認知能力上顯示出令人信服的結果。換句話說,做幾百個數獨游戲或許能讓你成為數獨高手,但這并不一定能提高你的計算能力。

It's not all doom and gloom though. There are other ways to stimulate the old grey matter. It recommends seeking out new activities that challenge the way you think and are socially engaging, while leading to a healthy lifestyle. Among their suggestions are practising tai chi, taking photography classes, learning new technologies, gardening, art projects or volunteering.

但前景也不盡然如此悲觀。還有其他方法可以刺激陳舊的灰質。研究建議尋找新的活動,挑戰思維方式和社交參與,同時走向健康的生活方式。他們的建議包括練習太極、上攝影課、學習新技術、園藝、藝術項目或志愿服務。

There's more good news, too. James Goodwin, chief scientist at Age UK has said that brain decline is not inevitable. As long as the activities are "new to you and require your concentrated attention", they can provide benefits for brain health. So, make haste, get out there and try something new. Maybe it's time to try that hobby you've always wanted to do. And as for me? I'm off to learn the piano.

還有更多的好消息?!队鴷r代》首席科學家詹姆斯·古德溫表示,大腦衰退并非不可避免。只要這些活動“對你來說是新的,需要你集中注意力”,它們就能對大腦健康有益。所以,趕快走出去,嘗試一些新的東西。也許是時候試試你一直想做的愛好了。至于我? 我要去學鋼琴了。

 

詞匯表

aphorism

格言

utilise

利用,使用

a state of decline

退化、衰退的狀態

rusty

(因長期不去做而)生疏的

altogether

徹底地,全部地

waste away

逐漸衰退

counteract

對抗,抵消

keep sharp

保持(技術)熟練;保持(頭腦)敏銳

augment

增強、加強

a raft of

許多,大量

non-existent

不存在的

cognitive

認知的

wizard

能手,“達人”

doom and gloom

前景悲觀,一片黯淡

stimulate

促進(身體某部位的)功能

grey matter

“灰質”,頭腦

inevitable

不可避免的

make haste

(舊式說法)快點

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