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聽故事學4000英語詞匯134:失明的時光

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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯5 保羅·納森

Unit 14 Word List

第14單元 單詞表

asset n.

有用的東西

An asset is a skill or quality that is useful or valuable.

有用或有價值的技能或質量。

→ The coach realized the boy's speed was an asset to the team.

教練意識到這個男孩的速度是球隊的優勢。

aspect n.

方面

An aspect is one part or feature of something.

指某物的一部分或某個特征。

→ I thought about the different aspects of owning two dogs.

我考慮過養兩條狗的不同方面。

Braille n.

布拉耶盲文

Braille is a system of raised patterns on paper that allows the blind to read.

一種紙上凸起的圖案系統,供盲人閱讀。

→ The boy enjoyed reading his favorite books written in Braille.

這個男孩喜歡讀他最喜歡的盲文書。

bud n.

A bud is a part of a plant that turns into a flower or a leaf.

植物的一部分,可以變成花或葉子。

→ Two weeks after planting the seed, a small bud appeared.

播種兩周后,一個小芽出現了。

coordinate v.

調節

To coordinate things is to make different parts work together.

指讓不同部分共同工作。

→ Each skating team had to coordinate their movements for the show.

為了這場表演,每個滑冰隊必須協調他們的動作。

disprove y.

反駁

To disprove something means to show that it is not true.

意為證明某事不正確。

→ The scientist disproved the theory that the sun moved around the Earth.

那位科學家駁斥了太陽繞地球轉的理論。

humanitarian adj.

人道主義者

If something is humanitarian, it is connected to helping people's lives.

與幫助他人相關的。

→ After the flood, several humanitarian organizations offered help.

洪水過后,一些人道主義組織提供了幫助。

hypothesis n.

假設

A hypothesis is an idea for something that has not been proved yet.

對尚未被證明的事物的一種想法。

→ The teacher did an experiment to prove whether his hypothesis was right.

老師做了一個實驗來證明他的假設是否正確。

imprint n.

印記

An imprint is an effect or lesson from an experience that is hard to forget.

一種難以忘記的經歷的影響或教訓。

→ The experience of war left an imprint on his mind that troubled him.

戰爭的經歷在他的腦海中留下了令他不安的印記。

informative adj.

提供有用信息的

When something is informative, it provides a lot of information.

指提供很多信息的。

→ The travel guide had a lot of informative facts about the region.

旅游指南中有許多有關該地區的翔實資料。

optic adj.

光學的

When something is optic, it relates to the eyes or light.

與眼睛或光有關的。

→ Her blindness was caused by a problem with her optic nerve.

她的失明是由于她的視神經出了問題。

premise n.

前提

A premise is an idea on which something is based.

指某事的基礎理論。

→ The premise of the movie that Bobbi and I watched was unrealistic.

我和波比看的那部電影的劇情是不現實的。

rack n.

架子

A rack is an object with shelves that holds things.

有架子的物體,用來放東西。

→ He stored his tools on a rack.

他把工具放在架子上。

Renaissance n.

文藝復興(歐洲14至17世紀)

The Renaissance was a period between the 14th and 17th centuries.

發生在14世紀到17世紀之間的復興運動。

→ Leonardo Da Vinci was a popular artist of the Renaissance.

列奧納多·達·芬奇是文藝復興時期一位受歡迎的藝術家。

revere v.

敬畏

To revere something is to admire it greatly.

指對某事大加贊賞的。

→ The students revere their teacher, who has taught them a lot.

學生們尊敬他們的老師,他教了他們很多。

simultaneous adj.

同時的

When something is simultaneous, it occurs at the same time as something else.

與另一件事同時發生的。

→ The movement of the gears inside the watch was simultaneous.

手表內部齒輪的運動是同步的。

skeptic n.

(對一切都)持懷疑態度的人

A skeptic is a person who does not believe something.

不相信某事的人。

→ The scientist showed the skeptic that dinosaurs did exist by providing evidence.

這位科學家通過提供證據向懷疑論者證明恐龍確實存在。

spatial adj.

空間的

When something is spatial, it relates to the position and size of things.

與物體的位置和大小有關的。

→ He was asked where the books were located to test his spatial ability.

為了測試他的空間能力,他被問到這些書放在哪里。

specify v.

指定

To specify is to describe something clearly.

指清楚地描述某事。

→ The poster didn't specify where the concert was taking place.

海報沒有說明音樂會在哪里舉行。

wax n.

Wax is a substance that is slightly shiny and melts when heated.

一種稍微有光澤的物質,加熱后會融化。

→ The candles are made of wax.

蠟燭是用蠟做的。

Day Without Sight

失明的時光

On Friday afternoon, Sam's teacher had a special assignment.

星期五下午,薩姆的老師有一個特別的任務。

Next week, we'll be studying humanitarian efforts around the world since the time of the Renaissance, including those to help the blind, she said. "Over the weekend, I want each of you to wear a blindfold for an entire day. The premise of this experiment is that it will help you understand what it's like to be blind," she said.

她說:“下周,我們將研究自文藝復興以來世界各地的人道主義努力,包括幫助盲人的努力。”“周末的時候,我希望你們每個人都戴上眼罩一整天。這個實驗將幫助大家理解失明的感覺,”她說。

Sam was a skeptic. He really didn't think the assignment would be too challenging. On Saturday morning, Sam took a piece of cloth and tied it around his head to cover his eyes. Then he went into the kitchen for breakfast. He heard the voices of his parents and brothers but couldn't specify where each voice was coming from. He thought about how important hearing is for blind people.

薩姆是個懷疑論者。他真的不認為這個任務會很有挑戰性。星期六早上,薩姆拿了一塊布綁在頭上遮住眼睛。然后他走進廚房吃早餐。他聽到了他父母和兄弟們的聲音,但他不能確定每個聲音來自哪里。他明白了聽覺對盲人的重要性。

Could you pass me the newspaper, please? he asked. Just then, he remembered he couldn't see the words on the page. He wondered if Braille newspapers were ever made.

“你能把報紙遞給我嗎?”他問。就在那時,他想起他看不見那頁上的字。他想知道是否有過盲文報紙。

After finishing breakfast, his brothers asked him to play soccer. As he followed them, he accidentally walked into the baker's rack. He also found that he couldn't play soccer. He wouldn't be able to coordinate his actions without being able to see. Without his optic senses, he had no spatial awareness. Furthermore, he couldn't do simultaneous activities because he had to make sure he was safe first.

吃完早飯,他的兄弟們請他去踢足球。他跟著他們的時候,不小心走進了面包師的架子。他還發現自己不會踢足球。如果看不見,他就無法協調自己的行動。沒有視覺,他就沒有空間意識。此外,他不能同時進行活動,因為他必須首先確保自己的安全。

He sat on the lawn. Suddenly, he realized that though he couldn't see, his other senses worked perfectly fine. In fact, he began to realize new and different aspects of common objects. For example, he took a flower bud and felt it with his finger. He realized for the first time that it seemed to be covered with wax.

他坐在草坪上。突然,他意識到,雖然他看不見,但他的其他感官工作得非常好。事實上,他開始意識到普通事物新的、不同的方面。例如,他拿起一個花蕾,用手指觸摸它。他第一次意識到它好像被蠟覆蓋著。

His hypothesis about being blind was disproved. The informative experiment had an imprint on him. It showed him sight was an asset that should be appreciated and taught him to revere the talents of blind people.

他關于失明的假設被推翻了。這個信息豐富的實驗給他留下了深刻的印象。他懂得了視力是一項資產,應該學會感恩,而且他還懂得了尊重盲人。

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