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聽故事學4000英語詞匯136:降落傘的歷史

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聽英語故事,學記英語單詞。4000英語實用詞匯,盡在每個故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯5 保羅·納森

Unit 16 Word List

第16單元 單詞表

addict n.

成迷的人

An addict is a person who cannot stop doing or having something.

指不能停止做某事或擁有某物的人。

→ She was a coffee addict. She had more than three cups each day.

她是個咖啡迷。她每天喝三杯以上。

archeological adj.

考古學的

When something is archeological, it relates to archeology.

指與考古學科有關的。

→ They found archeological evidence that proved an ancient species of man.

他們發現了考古學證據,證明了人類是一個古老的物種。

archeology n.

考古學

Archeology is the study of ancient people through their artifacts.

通過古器物來研究古人的學科。

→ He studied archeology to learn more about ancient Egyptian culture.

他學習考古學是為了更多地了解古埃及文化。

brainstorm v.

集體討論

To brainstorm is to have a lot of ideas about a certain topic.

對某個話題有很多想法。

→ The students met after school to brainstorm ideas for their assignment.

學生們放學后聚在一起為他們的作業集思廣益。

budget n.

預算

A budget is the amount of money available to spend on something.

指可以花在某件事上的錢。

→ His budget for food was very tight.

他的食物預算很緊張。

chaotic adi.

混亂的

When something is chaotic, it is crazy, confused, and hectic.

指某事瘋狂的、忙亂的。

→ The first day of school can be chaotic for a new student.

對新生來說,開學第一天可能會很混亂。

cite v.

引用

To cite something is to mention it as an example or as proof of something.

把它作為例子或者證明某事。

→ She cited six reasons that the school needed to build new classrooms.

她列舉了學校需要建造新教室的六個理由。

correspond v.

符合

To correspond is to match or to be similar to something.

指匹配或與某物相似。

→ The boy's story didn't correspond with his mother's version.

這個男孩的故事與他母親的說法不相符。

courtyard n.

庭院

A courtyard is an outdoor area that is surrounded by the walls of a building.

一個被建筑物墻壁環繞的戶外區域。

→ During the summer, the courtyard is a nice place to have lunch.

在夏天,庭院是一個吃午飯的好地方。

estate n.

房地產

An estate is a large area of land owned by a family or organization.

一個家庭或公司擁有的大片土地。

→ He lived on his father's estate in the country.

他住在鄉下他父親的莊園里。

fraud n.

欺騙

Fraud is the crime of gaining money by lying or by tricking people.

通過說謊或欺騙他人來獲取錢財的犯罪。

→ Experts say that credit card fraud increases around the holidays.

專家表示,假期前后信用卡詐騙行為有所增加。

hydrogen n.

[化學] 氫

Hydrogen is a gas that has no taste, color, or smell.

一種沒有味道、顏色或氣味的氣體。

→ Balloons filled with hydrogen can easily float away if you aren't careful.

一不小心,充有氫氣的氣球就很容易飄走。

integrity n.

正直

Integrity is honesty and good morals.

誠實和良好的道德。

→ The principal had a lot of integrity.

校長很正直。

knit v.

編織

To knit is to make fabric by connecting strings together.

把線串在一起織成織物。

→ My grandmother knitted me a sweater.

我祖母給我織了一件毛衣。

outlook n.

觀點

An outlook is a person's opinion or way of thinking about something.

一個人對某事的看法或思考方式。

→ He changed his outlook about rats after he read a book about them.

讀了一本關于老鼠的書后,他改變了對老鼠的看法。

parachute n.

降落傘

A parachute is a device that helps people and things fall to the ground safely.

一種幫助人和物安全降落到地面的裝置。

→ They used parachutes dropped from airplanes to send supplies to the civilians.

他們通過降落傘向平民空投物資。

prehistoric adj.

史前的

When something is prehistoric, it is from a time when there was no written history.

一個沒有書面歷史的時代。

→ The scientists found prehistoric pots used by the people in the area.

科學家們發現了該地區人們使用的史前陶器。

proponent n.

支持者

A proponent is a person who supports an idea or a plan.

指支持一個想法或計劃的人。

→ He was a proponent of using environmentally friendly products.

他是使用環保產品的支持者。

refine v.

精煉

To refine something is to make it better by making changes.

通過改變使某物變得更好。

→ The principal refined his method of controlling students over the years.

校長多年來改進了管理學生的方法。

restrict v.

限制

To restrict is to limit something and prevent it from getting bigger.

限制某物變得更大。

→ The club restricted the amount of members.

俱樂部限制了會員人數。

The History of Parachutes

降落傘的歷史

Scientists who study archeology say that there may be some evidence of prehistoric parachutes. But the first written history of the device comes from China about 2,100 years ago. Scientists cite an ancient book that describes parachutes. However, there is no archeological evidence that proves that an actual parachute was ever made. Later, people from northern Africa and Italy also had ideas about a similar invention. In fact, a Leonardo Da Vinci's drawing corresponds closely with the modern parachute design!

研究考古學的科學家表示可能找到了一些史前降落傘的證據。但該設備最早的書面歷史來自2100年前的中國??茖W家們引用了一本描述降落傘的古書。然而,沒有考古學證據證明當時有真正的降落傘。后來,來自北非和意大利的人們也有了類似的發明。事實上,列奧納多·達·芬奇的一幅畫與現代降落傘的設計非常吻合!

In 1783, French scientist Sebastian Lenormand invented the first modern parachute. Sebastian brainstormed with other scientists to come up with a way to help people jump safely out of burning buildings. He thought the solution was to give people an object to restrict their speed while they traveled toward the ground. Many people thought that he was up to some kind of fraud, but Sebastian had a lot of integrity. His budget was limited, so he first tested his theory by using two umbrellas. He jumped out of a tree and found that the umbrellas worked.

1783年,法國科學家塞巴斯蒂安·勒諾曼德發明了第一個現代降落傘。塞巴斯蒂安和其他科學家們集思廣益,想出了一種幫助人們安全跳出發生火災的建筑物的方法。他認為解決辦法是給人們一個物體來減緩他們落地時的速度。許多人認為他在搞什么騙局,但塞巴斯蒂安很誠實。他的預算有限,所以他首先用兩把傘來驗證他的理論。他從樹上跳下來,發現傘還能用。

Next, he refined his invention. Rather than using umbrellas, he knit a large parachute. Finally, he jumped off a tall building on a French estate and landed safely in the courtyard.

接下來,他改進了他的發明。他沒有使用傘,而是編織了一個大降落傘。最后,他從一座法國莊園的高樓上跳下,安全降落在院子里。

Sebastian's work gave another man an idea. Jean-Pierre Blanchard had a different outlook than Sebastian. He was a hot air balloon addict. He was one of the first people to ride in a hot air balloon powered by hydrogen gas. He was a proponent of using the parachutes to exit from hot air balloons. Starting in 1785, he used his dog to show that animals could land safely from hot air balloons by using parachutes. Then, in 1793, he was faced with a chaotic experience. The hot air balloon he was riding in burst and started to fall. He was forced to use a parachute himself. And much to his relief, it saved his life!

塞巴斯蒂安的工作給了另一個人一個想法。讓-皮埃爾·布蘭查德的觀點與塞巴斯蒂安不同。他是個熱氣球迷。他是第一批乘坐氫氣動力熱氣球的人之一。他是用降落傘從熱氣球上跳傘的支持者。從1785年開始,他用他的狗向人們展示,動物可以使用降落傘安全地從熱氣球上降落。1793年,他經歷了一場浩劫。他乘坐的熱氣球爆裂了并開始往下掉。他被迫自己使用降落傘。令他大為欣慰的是,他因此活了下來!

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